Student Blog: The Impacts of Climate Change

As part of the Centre's Global Schools' Project, Transition Year Students research and write their own blog. Click below to read this week's blog!

The Impacts of Climate Change

By

Emily Woods, St. Paul’s Community College

Rebecca Geary, St. Paul’s Community College

Didi Oku, St. Paul’s Community College

Caoimhe Vereker, St. Angela’s Ursuline Secondary School

Holly Rogan, St. Angela’s Ursuline Secondary School

 

There are many effects of Climate Change, most of which are thought to be extremely dangerous and potentially life threatening.

Higher temperatures will lead to increased rates of evaporation leading to rapid drying of soils. A recent drought occurred in 2011 in Texas, recording the hottest summer since 1895 and costing $10 billion in direct agriculture losses alone.

Also rising global average temperatures are associated with widespread changes in weather patterns. Scientific studies indicate that extreme weather events such as heatwaves and large storms are likely to become more frequent.

 

 

Since the 1970s unusually hot summer days have become more common. Across Europe since the 2000s precipitation levels have increased by 10%. This often leads to widespread flooding. Flooding can occur in rivers when the flow rate exceeds capacity of a river channel, particularly at bends or meanders in the waterway.

Research undertaken by Professor Robert Mendelsohn stated rising temperatures will speed up the hydrological cycle leading to more evaporation and rain which then will be problematic when storms and floods occur.  Most studies predict that water supplies in the lowest latitude regions will fall.

The government’s standard plan to help can only go so far. The residents will be forced to turn to private ways to help themselves.

Desertification is also a common effect of climate change. It is a type of land degradation, in which a relatively dry area of land becomes increasingly arid. Typically losing its body of water as well as vegetation and wildlife. This can be caused by animals overgrazing, drought and deforestation.

There is a direct link between rising sea levels and global warming and storm damage. For example, thunderstorms form when a trigger/cold front converging near surface winds or rugged topography - establish a mass of warm, humid air and cause it to rise. Air expands and cools as it ascends, increasing the humidity until the water vapor condenses into liquid droplets or ice crystals in precipitation making clouds.

In total, the effects of climate change will be catastrophic.