Student Blog: Root Cause of Climate Change:  Fossil Fuels

As part of the Centre's Global Schools' Programme, Transition Year Students research and write blog entries.

Each week we will feature a student blog entry which will cover: the root causes of climate change, the impacts of climate change and the solutions and actions we can take.  Enjoy!  This work is supported by Irish Aid's WorldWise Global Schools and Concern.

Essay 2

The Root Causes of Climate Change: Fossil Fuels


Sarah Adeleye, Presentation Secondary School

Cameron Gordon, De La Salle College

Sophie Lee, Abbey Community College

Shane Power, De La Salle College

Dejana Stevanovic, Presentation Secondary School

Kate White, Abbey Community College


All fossil fuels are the result of plant decomposition that happened millions of years ago- under water. Fossil fuels include coal, natural gas and oil. In 2014 The United States produced 11.6 billion barrels of oil. Cars and factories are one of the main reasons why climate change is rapidly occurring. Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide are the two most harmful gases in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide levels in the air are rising each day due to deforestation.

Cars emit harmful gases which pollute the atmosphere and destroy the ozone layer. When the suns rays hit the Earth some of the rays reflect into space, but some are reflected by CO2 in the air and therefore cause the temperature to rise. Carbon dioxide emissions in 2015 were 36 million metric tons higher than in 2014. Factories burn items that are used as fuel and the smoke and fumes are released through big chimneys and this smoke contains Carbon Dioxide and Carbon Monoxide. Deforestation is the mass cutting down of trees in an area. Trees consume CO2 that is in the air then releases it as oxygen which we humans consume. There are many sources of renewable energy they include, HEP, Wind Farms, Solar Energy, Biomass and Geothermal. Non-renewable energy includes oil, gas, coal, petrol and diesel. Current statistics show that globally, fossil fuels provide for over 85% of all the energy we consume.

As we have already mentioned cars emit harmful gases and pollute the atmosphere, so the government can combat this by promoting public transport and giving people who use public transport benefits like making it cheaper and more convenient. The government can also make electric cars cheaper and put more charging stations around the country to make it easier for people with electric cars. This will help reduce these harmful gases. To combat the problem of non-renewable energy we suggest for the government to invest in building windfarms and expanding on hydroelectric power.

In conclusion we have discovered that the government could play a major role in preventing climate change like as we mentioned investing money in wind farms and hydro electric power etc. and promoting the use of electric cars by making it cheaper and more convenient for users. This will decrease the carbon emissions going into the atmosphere. We have seen the effects of deforestation on our planet and it is up to the government to put into effect schemes like afforestation.